Vice President Mike Pence sat beside Trump, silent and stone faced. Swathes of federal funding will expire on December 21, forcing a partial government closing, unless a deal can be reached.
In an interview with OPB last month, Schrader said he thought voter anger at Donald Trump played a bigger role than Pelosi's leadership in the big Democratic gains.
She reiterated Thursday that the president does not have the votes he needs to get the necessary funding for his wall, something she also pointed out to Trump on Tuesday. That is less than the $1.6 billion a bipartisan Senate committee has approved.
White House officials offered little commentary on the remarkable Oval Office confrontation beyond admonishing Democrats for trying to move the proceedings out of public view.
Outside the meeting, Mr Schumer told reporters Mr Trump had a "temper tantrum".
Results by party lines show that this issue is more divided, with 71% of Democrats believing Trump should compromise and 65% standing by his decision to not budge on the issue.
After the meeting, the Democratic House fundraising arm immediately sent out an email asking supporters for money.
The proposal to implement a new rule that would impose term limits was tentatively agreed upon Wednesday by seven members of the Democratic caucus who had said they would oppose her, but lawmakers were waiting on Pelosi's office to officially announce her support for it.
'President Trump is fighting to get you the Wall you voted for, but he's going up against RADICAL Democrat obstructionists, ' says the funding appeal. "You found pieces and taped them back together and then you gave it back to the supervisor".
Senior White House staff watched the melee from the corners of the room, among them Jared Kushner and Ivanka Trump, outgoing Chief of Staff John Kelly, immigration adviser Stephen Miller, and Shahira Knight, his legislative director. "Maybe the president doesn't grasp that, but that is very harmful to our country", Pelosi said.
Trump said earlier Tuesday that he could order the military to do the work if Congress refused to fund construction - although it was not clear that he had the authority.
That puts Pelosi in charge of the speaker's gavel until at least 2022, and given her whipping prowess, perhaps longer, provided the Democrats retain control of the House of Representatives beyond the 2020 elections.
He added that Republicans should "help pull the president back from the brink".
'The president is so used to obsequious advisers who fail to dispel his false and made-up facts that he lives in a cocoon of his own truth, ' Schumer said on the Senate floor. "We have to get TOUGHER AND SMARTER than ever before, and we will. Need the WALL, need the BAN!"