Ronaldo and Modric won the Champions League for Real Madrid against Salah's Liverpool in the final, while Hegerberg and Henry scored against Harder's Wolfsburg in Lyon's triumph in the Women's Champions League.
Messi, himself a two-time victor finished fifth in the long-list behind fourth place Antoine Griezmann who won the World Cup with France in the summer but was outscored in both La Liga and the Champions League last season by Messi.
Atletico Madrid's France star Antoine Griezmann, who scored twice as his club beat Marseille 3-0 in the Europa League final, just missed out in fourth.
It may have been a record 13th win in the Champions League for Real but Ronaldo couldn't win La Liga for Madrid, who finished a distant third last season behind Lionel Messi's Barcelona, with seventeen points between the pair.
The stars are judged on their displays in all competitions, at domestic, continental and worldwide level. Modric won the Golden Ball as the World Cup's best player in Russian Federation.
Croatia star Modric then went on to claim the Golden Ball at the World Cup after inspiring his nation to the final, where they lost to France.
UEFA Men's player of the Year Award isn't that far away from you; it's all set to be announced in Monaco on 30 August.
The vote does not always reward a Champions League victor. He also won the Champions League title with Los Blancos. He has also won the award on three occasions compared to Messi's two.
The Union of European Football Associations, UEFA, on Monday announced the names of the three nominees shortlisted for the 2017/18 UEFA Men's Player of the Year Awards.
Pernille Harder, Ada Hegerberg and Amandine Henry have been shortlisted for the women's award.