In the Virginia case, prosecutors allege that Manafort funneled millions of dollars in income from their work in Ukraine into foreign bank accounts, which were concealed from US tax authorities.
Paul Manafort last week pleaded not guilty in a related case in Washington, D.C., where he is set to go to trial September 17.
The charges are part of Special Counsel Robert Mueller's investigation into Russian efforts to influence US elections.
Manafort's longtime business partner, Rick Gates, is among three former Trump aides who have pleaded guilty to assortment of charges and have agreed to cooperate with Mueller's team of prosecutors. Manafort for decades had conducted business built upon his relationships with Russian-sympathetic Ukrainians and other powerful European former politicians, and had been in contact with them while leading the Trump campaign. The charges include preparing false tax returns, bank fraud, conspiracy to commit bank fraud and failure to disclose income from foreign sources. Those funds were used to live a "lavish" lifestyle in the US, prosecutors said.
Two weeks ago, the men's Russian-connected attorney Alex Van der Zwaan was charged with misleading the Federal Bureau of Investigation about work he did for Manafort and Gates.
He is also facing a second case in federal court in Virginia, where he pleaded not guilty to tax and fraud charges. He faces a maximum of 305 years in prison if found guilty on all charges in Virginia. In June 2017, when Manafort registered as a foreign agent after the fact, he reported making more than $17 million from the Party of Regions.
At a court appearance in Washington, D.C. on February 28, Judge Amy Berman Jackson chastised President Trump's former campaign chairman, saying, "I want to reiterate, Mr. Manafort, that the order that I issued, over no one's objection, does not just apply to Mr".