Then, in November 2009, Rubashkin was convicted of 86 counts of financial fraud, including bank fraud, mail and wire fraud and money laundering, and in June 2010 was sentenced to 27 years in a Federal Correctional Institution in Mount Hope, New York.
Rubashkin made national headlines nine years ago after federal agents arrived by helicopter at the Agriprocessors plant in Postville, Iowa, and detained almost 400 unauthorized immigrants, including several children, who were working there.
Mr. Rubashkin is a 57-year-old father of 10 children. The drop in value left Agriprocessors' bank with a $27 million loss - a figure used to calculate Rubashkin's sentence under federal guidelines.
Around 300 employees of the plant, many of whom were Guatemalan, served prison sentences for identity theft, and several managers and supervisors were convicted of felony charges of harboring immigrants in the country illegally.
Trump's decision to commute Rubashkin's sentence had bipartisan support, including from House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi of California and Republican Sen.
The White House, in its statement announcing the move, claimed bipartisan support for the action. His conviction remains in place and he will be under a term of supervised release and a major restitution obligation despite being released from prison.
Rubashkin was the company's chief executive, and the plant had been the largest kosher meatpacking operation in the country.
The investigation touched off a chain of events, including a bankruptcy declaration by Agriprocessors, that turned investigatiors on to suspicious invoices and other sales records that Rubashkin had falsified to make the company appear more profitable, reports the Des Moines Register.
Leading legal voices petitioned President Trump, asserting that his sentence was far too long for the crimes committed. "President Trump has done what is right and just".
The case drew national attention, and last December a former federal prosecutor and deputy attorney general under President Bill Clinton, Philip Heymann, took to the pages of the The Washington Post to blast Rubashkin's conviction, which he said was "based on perjured testimony and prosecutorial misconduct." adding that more than 100 former Justice Department officials, including former attorneys general, also felt the case against Rubashkin was unjust. More than 30 members of Congress also wrote letters on Rubashkin's behalf, according to the White House. The U.S. attorney's office denied the allegations.
The case sparked an outcry from members of the legal and Orthodox Jewish communities who rallied to Rubashkin's defense.