Heritage Foundations legal expert Hans von Spakovsky explained in a paper on the Electoral College that the Founders "struggled to satisfy each state's demand for greater representation while attempting to balance popular sovereignty against the risk posed to the minority from majoritarian rule". It is part of the constitution, written when communication was by pony express. The Electoral College is a core component of that republic; without it, America would be a step closer to no longer being one.
Edwards contends that the Electoral College system has outlived its usefulness.
President-elect Donald Trump took a triumphant tour of the nation's capital Thursday, holding a cordial White House meeting with President Barack Obama, sketching out priorities with Republican congressional leaders and taking in the majestic view from where he'll be sworn in to office.
Elijah Berg started the Change.org petition, saying Trump is unfit to lead and Clinton should step in.
That petition has since been removed from the left-wing group's website.
Q: Why does the United States have an Electoral College when it would be so easy to directly elect a president, as we do for all the other political offices?
Clinton's campaign was trying to make sense of a dramatic election night in which Trump captured battleground states like Florida, North Carolina and OH and demolished a longstanding " blue wall" of states in the Upper Midwest that had backed every Democratic presidential candidate since her husband won the presidency in 1992. In order to elect the president, there has to be a majority of 270 electoral votes.
Obama said on Wednesday that despite his major differences with the NY real estate magnate, he would follow the lead of former Republican President George W. Bush in 2008 and ensure a smooth handover to Trump.
Clinton has seen her popular vote total increase from more than 233,000 on Thursday.
With each state-by-state victor claiming all of its electoral votes, the difference between the Electoral College result and the popular vote can quickly become skewed, as occurred in the Trump-Clinton contest. In 2000 - the most recent case of the electoral college victor being unable to garner the popular vote - Republican George W. Bush lost the popular vote to Democrat Al Gore by 547,398. But there have been only 157 so-called "faithless electors" in USA history who have gone against the wishes of their state's voters, according to the nonprofit FairVote.
Normally there is no discussion about the electors challenging the result, but they could overturn the state they represent's vote in an event dubbed a "faithless elector".
NY and 47 other states use a "winner-take-all" system, where the popular vote victor receives its electoral votes.
But the evolution of reliably red and blue states has meant that presidential campaigns focus their efforts on just a handful of "battleground" states where electoral votes are up for grabs.
There has been many twists and turns during the 2016 Presidential election, take a look at some of the key moments which won and lost the race for the White House. California, Hawaii, Illinois, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Jersey, Rhode Island, Vermont, Washington and Washington, D.C. are its other members. So far, 10 states and the District of Columbia have joined the agreement. Traditionally, they vote according to their state's popular vote.
In Pennsylvania, where Trump won by 65,000 votes over Clinton, one Clinton voter-whose friends, family, and boyfriend all supported Trump for president-expressed hopelessness in the wake of the election.
As it is embodied in the Constitution, it would require an amendment to change or remove it.
FILE - clerks unseal the certificates of results from all fifty states during a meeting of the U.S. Electoral College in the House of Representatives on Capitol in Washington. Laws agreeing to the compact have been passed by 11 jurisdictions possessing 165 electoral votes, including California, New Jersey, Illinois, and NY, where Gov. Andrew Cuomo signed onto the law to make his state's participation "permanent" on November 7 of this year.